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Dementia

(Article from WHO)



Key facts

  • Dementia is a syndrome in which there is deterioration in memory, thinking, behaviour and the ability to perform everyday activities.

  • Although dementia mainly affects older people, it is not a normal part of ageing.

  • Worldwide, around 50 million people have dementia, and there are nearly 10 million new cases every year.

  • Alzheimer disease is the most common form of dementia and may contribute to 60–70% of cases.

  • Dementia is one of the major causes of disability and dependency among older people worldwide.

  • Dementia has a physical, psychological, social, and economic impact, not only on people with dementia, but also on their carers, families and society at large.


Dementia is a syndrome – usually of a chronic or progressive nature – in which there is deterioration in cognitive function (i.e. the ability to process thought) beyond what might be expected from normal ageing. It affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language, and judgement. Consciousness is not affected. The impairment in cognitive function is commonly accompanied, and occasionally preceded, by deterioration in emotional control, social behaviour, or motivation.

Dementia results from a variety of diseases and injuries that primarily or secondarily affect the brain, such as Alzheimer's disease or stroke.

Dementia is one of the major causes of disability and dependency among older people worldwide. It can be overwhelming, not only for the people who have it, but also for their carers and families. There is often a lack of awareness and understanding of dementia, resulting in stigmatization and barriers to diagnosis and care. The impact of dementia on carers, family and society at large can be physical, psychological, social and economic.


Continue reading https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/dementia

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